Quick Reference

Time Period:
Prior to 1928

The Keach sugar house
Charlemont Road

Oil on Canvas


Sugaring, Keach Farm

27 X 30

Hotel Weldon, Greenfield, ?

Emmett H. Naylor



This painting was believed to be initially owned by and hung in Greenfield's Hotel Weldon for an unknown period of time. It was later aquired by Emmett Naylor. It is unknown how Mr. Naylor made this arrangement.

Related Links

Featured Artwork: Early Sugaring #2

RSW's Diary Comments

Steaming Sugar House, 1929
The Keach's sugaring house.

"Painted prior to 1928. Made from Harrison Keach's sugar house, and painting from which the Weldon Hotel picture was made. Bought by Emmett H. Naylor of Springfield, Mass. and Cummington and hung in his Cummington home until his death in 1939, when the painting went into the hands of his son, Winford Caldwell Naylor (grandmother at 20 Ridgewood Place, Springfield, Mass, (Caldwells). 'A previous canvas, owned by F. E. Williams was also called "Early Sugaring" --so I have designated them as E.S. #1 and E.S. #2.'"


Woodward's diary comments conflict with the images we have for the two Early Sugaring paintings. Although both pictures appear to be identical, with the exception of their differing aspect ratios, there are differences found in the small details of things like the trunk of the sugar mable, one of the gathering buckets is missing a detail and the woodpile logs vary to certain degrees. However, in one diary comment RSW writes that this scene is of his uncle Will Well's sugaring house (1920 - #1) and the other being that of Harrison Keach's sugaring house (1928 - #2).

We are left with a number of questions:
  Did Woodward make an error? It is clear the Keach landscape does not match the others.
  Is there a third painting, one of which is a different scene?
  Are we incorrect? Is what we believe to be Early Sugaring #1, not right? #2 is confirmed and right.

We do not have any answers at the moment. Woodward did make mistakes in his painting diary which he didn't begin compiling until the early 1940s. Yet still, he did not make mistakes like this. He rarely mistook locations, especially one of which is family. For now we will leave things as they are until we can confirm or eliminate the available options. There is one thing for certain, there are three paintings, two of which are named Early Sugaring and the third remains unknown.

Additional Notes

This painting (#2) is distinctly different from that of Early Sugaring #1 in that its aspect ratio is more square, a 1.1 ratio, than the 24" x 36" first painting which has an aspect ratio of 1.4. A perfect square aspect ratio is 1.0.


An old Weldon Hotel postcard.

RSW notes relating to Early Sugaring #2:

"The Naylor children family own a 27 x 30 sugaring picture (same subject as the one owned by the Weldon Hotel, Greenfield), bought by their father before he died. It can be located through Miss Mary F. Grant, at 20 Ridgewood Place, Springfield, Mass; who lives with the children's grandmother, Mrs. Caldwell, or through their mother, now Mrs. Stimson, of 1120 Beacon St., Brookline, Mass."

Early Sugaring #2 hanging in the Weldon Hotel
Early Sugaring #2 on display over the fireplace
in the Weldon Hotel in Greenfield, Mass.

It is curious to us how the Naylor painting, once owned by the Weldon Hotel, got its name. Not to mention why it wasn't named by Woodward himself? It is rare to find paintings without names unless they are also unsigned or were given as gifts. There is also the possibility that the painting never exhibited and Woodward sold it right from his studio without a name, even rarer.

We do not know when the Weldon Hotel in Greenfield was no longer a hotel or how it came to be that Emmett Naylor came to own it.